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Balance Training In The Elderly: What You Need To Know

Many people feel that balance training in elderly is only for young adults, but this couldn’t be further from the truth. Balance training in elderly can actually be beneficial for older adults as well. In fact, balancing skills are key for preventing falls and reducing the risk of injuring yourself in other ways. 

There are a few things you need to know about balance training for seniors in order to make the most of it. First, make sure you find a program that is tailored specifically to your needs and abilities. Second, be patient with yourself. It may take some time to achieve some of the benefits of balance training, but it’s definitely worth it in the long run.

What is Balance Training?

Balance training is a great way to improve balance and overall coordination in the elderly. However, there are a few things you need to know before starting this type of exercise.

  • First, start with low-intensity exercises and gradually increase the intensity over time. This will help prevent injury.
  • Second, make sure to warm up before beginning balance training. This will help your muscles and joints move more freely.
  • Third, use a variety of balance exercises to keep your body active and engaged. This way, you’ll be able to improve your balance regardless of the task at hand.

Benefits of Balance Training for the Elderly

Balance is essential for both physical and cognitive health in the elderly. Aging results in a decrease in balance function, which may lead to falls. Falls are the leading cause of injury deaths among older adults and are also responsible for significant morbidity . 

  • Improves Balance Function

Balance function declines with age, which can lead to falls. A study that compared young healthy adults to elderly adults found that those over 50 years old had a 30% decline in muscle ability to maintain static equilibrium. This decline can be due to changes in brain structure and function or decreased neuromuscular activity. Balance training in elderly can improve balance function by increasing muscle strength and endurance, which can help prevent falls.

  • Reduces The Risk Of Falls

A recent study found that participation in a 12-week balance-training program was associated with a 50% reduction in the risk of falling. Participants who completed the program had significantly less incidence of fall events than those who did not participate. In addition, another study found that after 12 weeks of balance-training interventions, there was an improvement in gait speed and stability among older adults.

How to Perform Balance Training

To perform balance training, start by standing with your feet together and your eyes closed. Keeping your head and shoulders down, slowly shift your weight to the left foot, then to the right foot. Repeat the movement gradually increasing the speed of the movement as you become more comfortable.

Guidelines for When to Start Balance Training

If you are experiencing trouble with balance, then it is time to start your balance training. Balance training should be started before any other physical activity in order to improve balance and coordination. Balance exercises should also be performed regularly throughout the lifespan in order to maintain good balance.

If you are over the age of 70, then you may want to start performing balance exercises as part of your daily routine.

When to Terminate Balance Training

Balance training in elderly  should not be continued if it is causing pain or if the individual can no longer independently perform activities of daily living (ADLs).

There are a few instances when it may be appropriate to discontinue balance training:

  • If an individual falls more than twice in a month or has a history of falls
  • If an individual experiences significant pain
  • If an individual cannot independently perform ADLs

Types of Balance Training

There are three common types of balance training: functional, neuromuscular, and proprioceptive. Functional balance training focuses on activities that require basic motor skills, such as standing on one leg or hopping. Neuromuscular balance training uses resistance devices to challenge the body’s muscles and nerves to improve balance. Proprioceptive balance training uses special props to help exercisers learn how to sense their bodies in space and use that information to stay upright.

Functional Balance Training

It focuses on activities that require basic motor skills, such as standing on one leg or hopping. Functional exercises can be done with or without resistance devices, depending on the individual’s needs. They are often easy to modify for different levels of ability, making them a good choice for everyone from beginners to those who have difficulty performing standard exercises.

Neuromuscular Balance Training

Neuromuscular balance training uses resistance devices to challenge the body’s muscles and nerves to improve balance. Resistance equipment can be adjusted to provide a range of challenges from light weights to more intensive machines. Some popular neuromuscular exercises include wobble boards and stability balls.

Balance training in elderly

Proprioceptive Balance Training

Proprioceptive exercise involves using special props to help exercisers learn how to sense their bodies in space and use that information to stay upright

When is it Appropriate to Start Balance Training?

There is no definitive answer to this question, as it depends on a person’s individual health and age. However, experts generally recommend that balance training started at an early age for people who are at risk for falls. 

Balance training in elderly can help improve balance and coordination, which can help prevent falls. In addition, balance training may also reduce the risk of developing chronic conditions such as osteoporosis or arthritis. It is important to consult with a physician before starting any type of exercise program, especially if you are elderly or have pre existing medical conditions.

What situations may necessitate discontinuing balance training?

Balance training physical therapy is important for the elderly because it helps to keep them mobile and independent. However, there are situations in which discontinuing balance training may be necessary. If your elderly loved one experiences any of the following, it may be necessary to stop their balance training: falls, worsening mobility due to illness or injury, declining cognitive function.

How to Do Balance Training at Home

Balance training for seniors can improve balance and coordination, strength, agility, endurance and flexibility. It is a great way to prevent falls in the elderly.

To do balance training at home:

  • Get a balance board or ball.
  • Choose an area where you will not disturbed (like your bedroom).
  • Sit or stand with feet together, shoulders relaxed and head upright.
  • Place hands on hips or on the edge of the board.
  • Take a step forward, keeping your center of gravity over your feet and slowly lower yourself. Until your weight evenly distributed on both feet (or until the ball is resting on the floor). Don’t use your hands to stay balanced; try to keep them relaxed at all times!
  • Repeat steps 3-5 several times while practicing different activities like walking, hopping, dancing or skipping.


If you’re looking to improve your balance and mobility. It’s important to understand elders’ challenges. As we age, our muscles become less elastic, which makes it harder to maintain our balance and coordination. 

Additionally, our bones may start to lose density and strength, which can make even simple tasks like walking or standing up from a seated position more difficult. Fortunately, there are plenty of ways to address these challenges through balance training. 

Here are some key points that will help you get started: 

  • Start with small goals: When starting out with balance training in eldery, it’s important not to overdo it. Starting with small goals (like trying to stand up from a seated position without help) helps build resilience and increases the chances that you’ll be successful in future attempts. 
  • Encourage movement: One of the best ways to encourage movement is by using props or devices that help keep people active and engaged throughout their workouts. This way, they aren’t just sitting around doing nothing — they’re also getting some great exercise! 
  • Balance is key: It’s essential that participants focus on keeping their center of gravity stable at all times while performing exercises; this includes maintaining good posture.

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